Natural Stone Flooring Types

When it comes to choosing flooring materials with better appearance and durability than wood, then stone flooring is the answer! Natural stone is the most sensible idea for a flooring option with durability, ease of maintenance, and a very elegant appearance. Natural stone flooring types can be differentiated into several general options such as slate, limestone, granite, sandstone, or marble. Every Natural stone flooring type has different properties and appearance, when choosing it, it’s a good idea to start by knowing the character of each existing Natural stone flooring type.

When it comes to bringing a stone floor home, there are several factors to consider.

All About Natural Stone Flooring Types


All About Natural Stone Flooring Types that You Should Know 1

All About Natural Stone Flooring Types that You Should Know

1. Absorption Rate
The first thing to pay attention to is how the stone floor can absorb or refers to how porous a Natural stone flooring type will be selected. As natural stones absorb more easily, they will become a choice that is more prone to stain. Not only stains, but easily absorbent stones will find cracks faster.

Basically, every natural stone flooring type has its own absorption rate, you can say that sandstone is the most porous, while granite is the more resistant to absorption (puddle) option. Several levels of absorption can be classified in terms of:

  • Non-vitreous: High absorption makes it unsuitable for humid areas of the house.
  • Semi-Vitreous: Moderate absorption rate, when it gets stagnant or exposed water, routine maintenance must be carried out.
  • Vitreous: Standard absorption rate for floors and very common for outdoor areas with moderate traffic.
  • Tightness: The most resistant to resistance with ease of maintenance, making it a very sensible choice in high traffic areas.

Sandstone is the most porous material choice, while travertine, slate, and limestone are natural stone flooring types with low absorption. And granite is the most durable material.

2. Grade
Some providers have their own rating systems for determining ingredient quality. This determination can be based on the size, thickness, shape, and condition of natural stone flooring types. There are 3 ratings that can be used as a benchmark:

  • Grade 1 is a material with high quality
  • Grade 2 is a material with smallpox like scratches or an irregular surface
  • And grade 3 with considerable flaws in size, surface, shape, or even pieces.

3. Coefficient of friction
This is a judgment that measures how smooth the material is. The higher the coefficient the more traction the floor has. This figure is very important for areas with humidity such as kitchens and bathrooms (commercial areas with high traffic) with a minimum dryness coefficient value of 0.6.

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4. Choice based on placement
There are several Natural stone flooring types that are better used in outdoor areas, there are several factors that make them better for outdoor areas (open areas).

The use of non-vitreous materials is materials that can get stained from dirt and acid rain, cracks in the absorbed material will freeze and then float. The choice of stone with a low coefficient has a slipping hazard for rain and when it snows.

5. Oxidation
Natural stone flooring types are materials that have been formed under the earth over millions of years and contain many different elements in them. There is even an iron content that may be in it. Natural stone flooring types with iron content often have problems with rust and cause the appearance of tiles to deteriorate over time.

6. Benefits of using natural stones
Natural stone flooring types come with a variety of looks and more benefits to consider, including:

  • Has a really unique look
  • Natural stones bring a natural charm to your home
  • Natural materials that are non-polluting and environmentally friendly
  • Increase the sale value of the house.

7. Disadvantages
Each material has its own advantages and disadvantages, here are some of the disadvantages of natural stone:

  • Natural stone flooring types that have large pores require periodic maintenance (sealed) to protect the surface
  • Polished materials can find scratches easily
  • Some options are fragile and brittle

It’s good to do research and understand the character of each material that will be brought home.

When choosing the Natural stone flooring types, you will be faced with many considerations. However, to make it easier for you to choose materials, we have summarized the 5 most common materials for floor base materials. Here are options to consider:

  1. Granite
    Natural stone flooring types are the most luxurious and highly desirable, are the best choice for flooring and kitchen countertops. Granite comes in various natural colors such as white, brownish red, cream, and white. Granite is one of the hardest stones available with the best resistance to scratches and the temperature in the room. Even acid stains cannot spoil the charm of granite, as granite has no pores making it immune to stains.
  2. Slate
    It is a type of sedimentary rock with dark red, dim green, and dark gray colors. slate has a simpler look than any of the other stones we have listed here. With its simple appearance and good grip style, it is natural stone flooring types that are suitable for outdoor areas, even swimming pools, and bathrooms.
  3. Travertine
    It has a more striking color than slate with an equally rugged texture. Cream and white are two color choices that give a warm feeling with a more historic look. In fact, this stone has the appearance of an ancient Roman structure. Thus, this material is a very suitable choice for placement on floors and even walls.
  4. Limestone
    This natural stone flooring type provides a smoother appearance of space. Its subtle appearance is due to the limestone being given a finishing touch which makes it feel more pleasant to the touch and tends to appear monochromatic with better consistency than other types. With lots of pores present, you should keep them away from areas that have the potential for acid spills. To make it look elegant every time, you must use a sealant.
  5. Marble
    The last recommendation for natural stone flooring types is marble stone with scratch and stain resistance! With a shining appearance (such as translucency). This stone has many colors that produce streaks and clouds beneath the surface that penetrate light. This material is a quite expensive option but with a view that is commensurate with the price it costs.

Given that the Natural stone flooring types are many and vary from appearance, all you have to do is consider the final result and how your finances are. Make sure to get the best stone that fits your budget.