You need to know that interior design is an art to create a more comfortable display space creatively and technically. By creating a comfortable and attractive appearance in a room, it will encourage various activities in it.

To create a more comfortable appearance of the room, you must understand the basic elements of interior design. By understanding the various design concepts that exist, you can get a comfortable and attractive appearance of space to be used in various activities. Here are the basic elements of interior design that you must know before designing.


The first of the basic elements of interior design is color! This element has an important role to play the mood of the space users. The use of the right color will also define the space better and make the atmosphere feel better. In incorporating color, there are several options to consider:

The Basic Elements of Interior Design 2

The Basic Elements of Interior Design

Natural color

This color comes with the aim of giving a subtle impression and accentuating some of the interiors you have. Natural colors will tie into your room and enhance the outdoor charm. This color is very suitable to be placed in the living room, bedroom, and bathroom.

Natural colors are perfect for rooms that are used to relax.

Comfortable color

In this criterion, colors such as orange, pumpkin, brown, wheat, and brown are very suitable choices to provide an additional sense of comfort in the room. These colors will appear with a warmer impression and make the user feel at home in it.

Contrast tone

The use of colors like deep black, white, and dark red will be the background colors that increase the charm of the space. These colors are great for making users more passionate.


Next to the basic elements of interior design is lighting! Light is an important factor to increase the charm in the room. Incorporating the right lighting will make it easier for users to do activities and provide an additional sense of comfort in it.

Basic Elements of Interior Design

Basic Elements of Interior Design

In addition to 3 artificial lightings, a good room must make maximum use of natural lighting to make the space more comfortable to live in.

Natural lighting is also useful for making an existing space feel more spacious and cleaner.

Apart from natural lighting, you should also have 3 sources of artificial light to maximize the appearance and replace natural light when night falls!

General Lighting

These types are normal lighting that should be had in every room, and they usually cover all the corners you have and increase the feeling of comfort and facilitate the various activities of the user.

Task lighting

As the name suggests, this lighting is a type of lighting that is available at certain angles in order to house certain activities that occur in the room.

Accent Lighting

The last is accent lighting, it is a type that is similar to local lighting but is used for special purposes. This lighting aims to highlight several objects, decorative items, and so on.


Next to the basic elements of interior design is Form! This element is a dimensional area that is determined based on the outline of an existing object. In its use, you will recognize 3 types of forms, including:


Natural type form is a form that comes from various existing objects and cannot be changed. It is like mountains, flowers, clouds, and so on!


The next type of shape is geometric or is a display that contains size and area. This type can be described as a square, round, triangle, rectangle, and so on.


The last type is a non-objective shape, this is a type of man-made shape that is generated from random colors, edges, and lines.


Of course, space is one of the very important Basic elements of interior design! Space is the area available to serve a variety of different purposes. And when you enter this element, then you will recognize 2 types of space, namely 2 dimensions and 3 dimensions.

2-dimensional space comes with the length and width calculated while the 3-dimensional is a room with an additional height to take into account.

Apart from 2dimensional and 3dimensional space, you will also find negative and positive space! Negative space is a space that is not filled or left empty, while a positive space is a space that has content and aims to place various pieces of furniture there.

To create a good interior appearance, you must be good at balancing positive and negative space in your design.

Also Read: Low Light Succulent For Indoor.


The next basic elements of interior design are lines! Or it can be said as a sign to define the form and also to load it. Basically, lines have 3 types:

  • Horizontal
  • Vertical
  • And dynamic

You can find horizontal lines on beds, tables, and so on. Vertical is a line that is present on windows, doors, and so on. Meanwhile, the dynamic is a curved line that gives an aesthetic addition to your room.


The final basic elements of interior design are texture! Or it can be said as a sense that is obtained when room users see various objects in your room. Texture can be differentiated into two, namely:

  • Visual
  • And for real

Visual is a texture that can be enjoyed by looking at it, while the real texture is the texture that is obtained after you use an existing item or just touch it.

The key to a successful interior design project is to apply all the basic elements of interior design and maintain balance. By applying all these basic elements, you will get the appearance of a space that is truly comfortable and pleasant to live in at any time.

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