7 Basic Principles of Interior Design Must Know 1

7 Basic Principles of Interior Design Must Know!

To be able to achieve the basic principles of interior design, you must apply design elements to your room. Elements and principles are the foundation for creating a more comfortable and charming interior appearance with a simple process.

The application of basic principles of interior design as well as basic design elements is a must when an interior design project is started. And these two basics are the key to success for any style of space you have.

7 Basic Principles of Interior Design Must Know!

To be able to achieve the success of your interior design project, here are the basic principles of interior design that you must have in the room.


The first basic principles of interior design are balance, this principle is a principle that requires you to pay attention to the existing visual weight and then divide it into two different sides.

Everything that is excessive (whatever it is) will feel uncomfortable to enjoy what else is occupied! Balance is a must to bring a sense of comfort and of course, I increase the attractiveness of a space.

For this interior design principle, you need to start by evenly distributing the various elements to get a visually real balance! The balance here you can achieve from various aspects such as shape, choice of color, texture, and also symmetry for literal space.

In creating balance there are several types of balance that you must understand:

Symmetrical balance

The first principles of interior design based on balance is symmetrical balance! In the concept of formal or traditional space, this balance is present and divided equally into two sides to reflect each other.

For example, like two chairs on either side of the coffee table. Symmetrical balances are a fairly easy balance type to achieve because they are a balance of repetitive designs on multiple sides.

Even though it is easy to achieve, you have to pay close attention! Using it too often will make the room look boring.


Meanwhile, asymmetrical balance can be said as a visual appearance of lines, shapes, textures, and colors. And this balance will be achieved without having to create a duplicate in certain areas! Asymmetry is an erratic balance and can be both complex and interesting.

For example, a sofa in the middle of a living room flanked by chairs on each side.


The balance of the latter is radial! This balance can be created when there is a focal point of other elements radiating around the area.

For example, a round dining table with chairs arranged neatly in front of it.


The next basic principles of interior design are pressure! An emphasis and balance are two design principles that one should really understand. This concept means that a central feature of the use of furniture or a work of art also has a big influence in attracting the attention of space users.

Also Read: The Basic Element of Interior Design!

One way to achieve this is to determine an appropriate focal point once you are done with the balancing and also apply all the existing design principles.

Basically, texture, pattern, color, and shape will be a determinant in choosing a focal point in a room.

Sometimes emphasizing two areas of design also has to be done to bring drama as well as interest in a space to get an unforgettable first impression!

In principle your emphasis will be directed at two types of emphasis:

On design elements

By taking advantage of the existing colors and lighting, you can easily do this! Choices of bright hues combined with focused lighting and highlighting specific items will create a suitable emphasis on your own design.

Using a different texture around the focal point area is a great way to create a more prominent visual impact on your design.

Emphasis based on placement

This one has a lot to do with how you position the focal point! Maybe this could be like an empty area at the end of a hallway or using a central feature in a room to spontaneously accentuate a feature!

7 Basic Principles of Interior Design Must Know 2
7 Basic Principles of Interior Design Must Know 


After you apply the Basic principles of interior design based on balance and focus, now is the time to create a more captivating look for your room by presenting contrast in it!

In the Basic principles of interior design, contrast is closely related to the game of color and also the illumination of objects that make a difference with other items around it!

To bring contrast in a space, you can mix 3 existing elements, namely shape, color, and space.

Example: You can present a white pillow in the middle of a clean white sofa in the living room. Or you can combine several shapes in an area to create balance in drawing attention to your room.

Contrast is a way to bring an attractive first impression to your room. Using it properly will add visual appeal to sizable doses of a room and put it all together!


The next basic principles of interior design are rhythm! All principles are related to creating a room that is completely charming and comfortable to live in. Rhythm is a binding of all interior design principles to bring charm to a room.

This principle will make the eye move regularly in a room, and is obtained by considering the arrangement of the space in a more organized manner.

To create rhythm in an interior design project, you can use the following methods:

  1. Using contrast; Presenting several opposing items is the easiest way to bring out contrast! And this method will make the eye move between the two existing design elements. You can create this by making opposite sides of the color wheel or combining 2 different materials.
  2. Transition; This can be said as a form that will jolt the eye in the flow that continues to flow from one point to another. It is like a path that leads to a place, and implies that anyone will follow the path!
  3. Gradation; Can be said as a step to move the eye from one place to another. You can use light to dark colors to make the user’s eyes follow the color play you are playing in the room.
  4. Radiation; It is a rhythm that is created when you combine several existing design elements and put them together to balance the rotation of objects in the center of space.
  5. Repetition; A favorite way for designers to bring rhythm to a space is by doing repetition! Repeating the pattern over and over will give your room a sense of stability. Delivering it can be done using repetition on textiles, architectural furniture, lighting shapes, and repetition of the design space you have.


To present it in the design of the room, you must make all the existing elements come together and blend to create a comfortable and pleasant impression of space. If rhythm is a way to convey a sense of cheerfulness, then harmony is to convey a feeling of calm!

The way that you can try is to play with one color in your room, no matter you have a variety of shapes, textures, and sizes in it.

Scale and proportion

Scale can be said to be the way the size of objects relates to one another’s asthma with the placement of these objects. While proportion can be said as a comparison between the size of one part and another.


The last basic principles of interior design are details, this is a principle that is closely related to the use of colors, fabrics, materials, products, and also style to create a more orderly appearance in a room. When you are starting a decorating project, detail is a very important principle!

Furniture and color do have a big impact on the details of a room, but sometimes a smaller detail will add a deeper appeal to your room.

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