Basic Principles of Garden Design Must Know

Basic Principles of Garden Design Must Know

Are you a beginner in landscape design? Are you looking for the best way to design your landscape that is suitable and comfortable to live in? When you want to start a landscape design project, you must know the Principles of garden design first!

By understanding the existing principles of garden design, you will find it easier to get the best look at the landscape and present new ideas in design projects. To create a slick landscape, these 8 Principles of garden design will guide you to get a balanced and harmonious look there.

Principles of garden design that you should know

Unity in design

The principle of unitary garden design is a way of designing landscapes by repetition and creating consistency in existing designs. This repetition exists to create unity in a garden design that has scope for both plant repetition and decoration.

Consistency is a basis for the success of this one principle, you will adjust the various elements that exist to get the harmony tone (theme) in your decoration project.


These principles of garden design talk about a sense of equality in various aspects that exist. Basically, there are 2 balances that you must have, namely, asymmetrical balance and symmetrical balance.

  • Asymmetrical balance is a design balance that uses several elements and objects with almost the same weight and aims to compensate for the existing appearance.
  • Meanwhile, symmetrical balance is the equality on both sides of the landscape which are identical.

Principles of garden design with contrast and harmony

Contrast is a very important element to create a more prominent appearance in a design, and harmony is an element that unites an existing design. By presenting a contrast to a design, a more eye-catching impression will be obtained.

And for landscape designs, the contrast you get when placing different colors on flowers and bringing in a focal point that grabs attention in certain places. Contrast and harmony make a very good combination for combining two colors complementing each other on one side by side.


To get the impression of a garden that is livelier and fun, color is the key to your success. Warm color choices such as red and orange will be the best choice for your garden with the impression of objects that appear closer. While invigorating greens and blues will lend a distant look, they also give off a sense of perspective.


Lines are the main principles of your garden design. Lines are a very important element and in a variety of designs from making beds, creating entryways, presenting textures, perspectives, and so on.

Lines also serve an important role in creating the illusion of depth and distance.


This one element can be said to be a gradual change. Principles of garden design based on transitions can be said to be a way of gradually incorporating variations in plant size and color intensity. Transitions are also a great way to apply to the use of textures, foliage shapes, as well as various other elements in your garden.

How To Design Landscape For Beginners


This principle is an element that refers to a certain size and is related to one another. When compared with other principles in landscape design, this element is a very clear element but still requires careful planning and thought.


The last principle of garden design is repetition, and this principle is directly connected to the principle of unity. Having a garden that looks different in shape is a great way to play up the appearance of the design. However, repeating the same elements will present a design with a variety of expressions in it.

In doing repetitions, make sure you have careful planning! When you use too many unrelated objects the design will feel messy and messy.

Conclusion: By applying these Principles of garden design, it will be easier for you to express your creativity. Making use of color, contrast, and outline will affect the existing look. Combining designs will create a completely pleasing visual look for your landscape so give it a try!

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